Context :

The Var is an Alpine torrential river with steep slopes. Located in the southeast of France, it has a total length of 114 km / 71 mi, with the Tinée, Estéron and Vésubie as its main tributaries. The Var rises near the Col de la Cayolle in the Maritime Alps and flows generally southeast – mainly through the Alpes-Maritimes with a short stretch in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence – into the Mediterranean between Nice and Saint-Laurent-du-Var.

What happened on november 1994 ?

After a few days with heavy rain events, the soil was saturated. On November 5, 1994, an extreme flood event caused the collapse of the lowest and the second-lowest dams on the Var catchment. The flood wave inundated parts of Nice, including Nice’s international airport which is situated near the river outlet.

Results of the flood, Video dated 7th November 1994

2D modelling of the 1994 Var flood using Télémac

L'estuaire du Var